The Environment Council adopted conclusions outing the EU`s position ahead of the UN climate change conference in Paris. Ministers agreed that the EU would strive to reach a legally binding and dynamic agreement to keep global warming below 2°C. Since our last update in December 2019, the EU271 has taken a big step forward to regain its position as a climate leader in the field of climate protection. Although its measures to combat climate change are not yet compatible with the Paris Agreement, it is characterized by the fact that it makes climate protection the engine of economic recovery compared to other countries. The EU`s main weakness remains the outdated and very inadequate target of reducing emissions by at least 40% by 2030. In September, the Commission recommended that the EU increase its target to at least 55% (INCLUDING LULUCF); But that doesn`t go far enough. Raising this target to 65%, accompanied by funding for climate change measures abroad, would make the EU the leading region, commitments compatible with the Paris Agreement. As these changes do not yet translate into a significant increase in the EU`s emissions reduction target, the CAT considers the EU27 to be «insufficient». The Environment Council adopted a declaration of ratification of the Paris Agreement. He focused on communicating a strong and clear political message on the EU`s commitment to maintaining the momentum of Paris and working towards the early entry into force and effective implementation of the Paris Agreement. If these agreed measures are fully implemented at EU level, it is estimated that EU emissions will be reduced by around 45% by 2030. This would already be more than what the EU signed under the Paris Agreement and reaffirms the commitment to be at the forefront of global action against climate change.
This is all the more important in the context of the latest IPCC special report on global warming of 1.5 degrees, which is taken into account in the preparation of the EU`s long-term strategy. In 2009, the EU committed to limiting the average increase in global temperature to 2°C above pre-industrial levels by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, as uncontrolled climate change would undermine the foundations of modern society. This commitment was reinforced and reinforced by the signing in 2015 to advance efforts to limit temperature rise to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. The Europe 2020 strategy focuses on the main greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide (CO2), and aims to transform the EU into a so-called «low-carbon» economy, based on renewable energy sources and energy efficiency. Prior to the Paris Climate Change Conference, the EU submitted its National Contribution (INDC) to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The EU`s INDC expresses the EU`s commitment to the negotiation process for a new legally binding agreement on climate change to keep global warming below 2°C. It also confirmed the binding target of reducing national greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990, as set out in the European Council conclusions of October 2014. . .